[1]穆静.五代军人的地位与处境及其影响[J].杭州师范大学学报社会科学版,2010,(02):126-133.
 MU Jing.On the Social Position and Status of the Military Personnelof Five Dynasties and Their Influences[J].,2010,(02):126-133.
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五代军人的地位与处境及其影响()
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《杭州师范大学学报》社会科学版[ISSN:1674-2338/CN:33-1347/N]

卷:
期数:
2010年02期
页码:
126-133
栏目:
文艺新论
出版日期:
2010-02-27

文章信息/Info

Title:
On the Social Position and Status of the Military Personnelof Five Dynasties and Their Influences
作者:
穆静
东北师范大学历史文化学院,吉林长春130024
Author(s):
MU Jing
(School of History and Culture, Northeast Normal University, Jilin 130024, China)
关键词:
五代军人地位处境影响
Keywords:
Five Dynasties military personnel position status influence
分类号:
K243
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
五代诸朝是中国历史上罕有的武人政权,军人作为一个整体,其政治、经济地位甚高,成为特权群体。此期内,皇帝多出身行伍,朝臣亦多任用武夫,重武轻文之气亘古未有。相较之下,五代军人的个体处境差异极大——上层军阀把持朝政,割占社会财富,对治下生杀予夺;中层军将身处夹缝,处境复杂;下层兵卒则饱受欺压,形同贱民。乱世之际,军人作为个体身属哪一阶层常在激变之中。此上几种因素结合,直接导致了五代时局的动荡,武将形象急剧恶劣,更成为北宋“重文轻武”国策之因由。
Abstract:
The Five Dynasties is a rare military regime in Chinese history .The military personnel enjoyed high political and economic status among the privileged groups. During that period, many emperors rose from the ranks, and courtiers grew out of soldiers, too. On the other hand, literary men had lower position, which had never occurred before. In contrast, the army mens situation in Five Dynasties was very different from individual soldiers\|the warlords on the top ruled the state, possessed social wealth and directed the persons whose life or death was under their control; The situation for the middle\|ranked officers was more complicated, and the soldiers at the bottom suffered from oppression and regarded just as the untouchables. In the troubled times, the military men as individuals belonged to the different interest groups in uncertain social turbulences. The combination of various factors directly threw the situation into instability. The image of generals quickly became very negative in peoples heart, and their social position turned out to be lower than the intellectual leaders in Song Dynasty.

参考文献/References:

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2010-03-01作者简介:穆静(1979-),女,吉林长春人,东北师范大学历史文化学院博士研究生,研究方向为中国古代史。①杜文玉《论五代枢密使》(《中国史研究》1988年第1期)认为五代枢密使集相权于一身,在人事任免权、财政权、军令权、司法终审权等方面甚至抑制了皇权。
更新日期/Last Update: 2010-02-27